Sabine Damir-Geilsdorf / Ulrike Lindner / Gesine Müller / Oliver Tappe / Michael Zeuske (eds.): Bonded Labour, Transcript 2016
Global and Comparative Perspectives (18th–21st Century)
Parallel to the abolition of Atlantic slavery, new forms of indentured labour stilled global capitalism's need for cheap, disposable labour. The famous 'coolie trade' – mainly Asian labourers transferred to French and British islands in the Indian Ocean, Australia, Indonesia, South Africa, the Caribbean, the Americas, as well as to Portuguese colonies in Africa – was one of the largest migration movements in global history. Indentured contract workers are perhaps the most revealing example of bonded labour in the grey area between the poles of chattel slavery and 'free' wage labour.
This interdisciplinary volume addresses historically and regionally specific cases of bonded labour relations from the 18th century to sponsorship systems in the Arab Gulf States today.
Michaela Pelican and Sofie Steinberger (eds.). Melilla: Perspectives on a Border Town. Kölner Arbeitspapiere zur Ethnologie 6. Institut für Ethnologie, Universität zu Köln.
This special issue deals with the complex situation of Melilla as a border town that links Spain and Morocco, Europe and Africa. It addresses this subject from a historical and contemporary perspective and integrates various forms of reflection, including academic, personal, and photographic accounts.
The contributions in this volume shed light on the city's historical, political, and social context, and provide insights into the everyday lives of Melilla’s diverse inhabitants. They delve into the city’s political history, and explore the physical and ideological transformation of the border from a zone of contact and interaction to a strict line of separation and exclusion. The chapters introduce the reader into the homes and lives of families of Rif-Berber (Tamazight) and Spanish descent as well as to the Centro de Estancia Temporal de Inmigrantes (CETI), the camp for the ‘temporary’ stay of (im)migrants, where refugees and migrants from sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, and South Asia have been awaiting entry into mainland Europe. The contributions integrate perspectives from within and outside of the city, including the neighbouring province of Nador. They attest to the existence of multiple social and economic networks that have long crisscrossed colonial and national borders and have challenged exclusionary discourses of nationalism and identity.